Najiabawa Scenic Zone
“Nanjiabawa” in the Tibetan language carries several meanings, of which one goes as “the burning thunder and lightning” and another “the spear that shoots upright to the heaven”. The main peak of Nanjiabawa is 7,782 meters high and famed as “the father of icebergs”. The foot of the peak abounds with a host of hot springs and exuberant vegetation, which is an ideal resort for both leisure and exploration.
The 7,782 meter high Nanjiabawa Peak is the highest in the Prefecture of Nyingchi and the 15th highest in the globe. The 14 higher peaks are all above 8,000 meters; therefore Najiabawa is the No. 1 in all the peaks below the latitude of 8,000 meters. Its colossal triangle body is covered with deep snow and mists all year around which makes people hard to see its real face. It was not until 1992 that the Sino-Japan Mountain Climbing Team conquered Nanjiabawa. Today it has become a very hot and challenging destination for professional mountain climbers from both home and abroad.
Nanjiabawa has a few meanings in Tibetan language: one is “the flaming thunderbolts” and another “the lance that stabs straight to the sky” which is derived from the description of the chapter “the Menlin Battle” of the Legend of King Gesar. These Tibetan meanings reveal the features of the peak: steep, dangerous and unconquerable. As a matter of fact, due to the complex plate formation and structure of the Yalazhangbu Canyon where the peak is located, earthquakes and snow slides has always haunted Nanjiabawa. Consequently it had been a “virgin peak” that had never been conquered by human climbers for a long while.
The west slope of the peak is a bluff that goes down to the floor of the valley. A long mountain ridge, which consists of several peaks over 7,000 meters above the sea level, winds its way northwestwards. The whole ridge resembles a huge iron saw with its sharp teeth mantled with thick ice and snow. Between Najiabawa and the Peak of Naipeng in the south three colossal glaciers grow downwards and finally disappear in the lush green forest. The 7,234 meters high Lajiabailei Peak in the north, shaped like a horse saddle, is also permanently mantled with fog and snow.
The snow land scenery on the peak top (7,782 meters above the sea level) and the tropical views can all be seen between Nanjiabawa and Bacuoka of Motuo County (the distance between is only 200 kilometers). In this land one sees bananas and borneol growing in the tropical area; the camphor normally found in the subtropical area; cedar, azalea of the temperate zone as well as many unnamed plants seen merely in the Frigid Zone. In a word you can never see such marvelous spectacles in other places than Tibet.
Viewed from afar the peak hides behind floating clouds; and observed closely it may scare away any climbers for its height of over 5, 000 meters. The locals often say that it is standing in the human world but hardly shows its true face to the human beings. The only difference between the peak and the heaven is that Nanjiabawa is a part of the mundane world.
The Yaluzhangbu River originates from the western side of the Himalaya Mountain and flows eastwards down the northern steep for more than 1,000 km to the eastern end of the Himalaya Range and makes a huge horseshoe-shaped turning in the bordering area of the four counties of Nyingchi, Milin, Motuo and Bomi. Within the area of east longitude of 95.0°and north latitude of 29.6°there stands the 7,782 meters high Najiabawa Peak, the 15th highest in this planet.
The distance from Lhasa down the Kang-Tibet Highway to Bayi is about 404 km. If one goes down the southern bank of the Niyang River and crosses the Gangga Bridge in Zhilujianbuhui to the Milin County, the distance will be 75 kilometers. Going from Milin eastwards along the Yaluzhangbu River for 91 km, one will get to the Pai District at the latitude of 3,100 meters. From there down the temporary highroad northwards for another 18 km, passing the Daduka Village to Gega, one may walk to the Nanjiabawa mountain climbing camping ground which is about 3,512 meters above the sea level.
1. The best season for viewing and photographing the Nanjiabawa Peak is autumn when the air is clear and the sunshine is lovely. Two locations, namely, the mountain pass of Sejila between Bomi and Bayi and the entry of the Grand Canyon are normally chosen for taking pictures. But at the first location the photographer is more likely to be affected by the changeable weather.
2. The distance between Bayi Nyingchi to Milin is 75 kilometers. Traveling from Milin down the Yaluzhangbu River eastwards for 91 km, one will get to the District of Pai. From Pai northwards to Gega and afterwards one may walk to Dangga where the camping ground for climbing the Nanjiabawa Peak is located. Seven a. m. is the best moment to view the Nanjia bawa Peak at the mountain pass of Sejila that is 75 km from Bayi. Tourists are advised to leave Bayi at 6 a.m.
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